It is difficult to imagine daily life without them. They are used everywhere as debit cards, season tickets for swimming pools or student ID cards: plastic cards with an integrated microchip. They save our most important personal data and make it available at a moment’s notice.
We have them in our hands every day. We identify ourselves using them as well as make purchases. They allow our daily routines to be efficient and it would be impossible to imagine our current society of information without them.
To manage access authorization or to provide person-specific configurations, identification options are needed. These tasks are often realized by ID or smart cards using unique security and characteristic features consisting of several layers.